bio291 | undergraduate
Anatomy And Physiology II
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The Cardiovascular System – Blood and the Heart
- Identify the major structural parts of the heart and describe the function attributed to each during systole (contraction) and diastole (relaxation).
- Explain the physiological properties relating to the Cardiac Cycle and neural control of the heart.
- Describe the composition of blood and its functions.
- Analyze the importance of blood testing and what can be learned through blood analysis.
The Cardiovascular System – Blood Vessels and Circulation
- Describe the structural characteristics of the vasculature (arteries, veins and capillaries) in the body.
- Explain the importance of blood pressure in relation to blood flow.
- Compare factors that contribute to blood flow.
The Lymphatic and Immune Systems
- Compare the structure of a lymph node to other lymphoid organs.
- Identify instances of the body’s innate and adaptive defenses.
The Respiratory System
- Identify the respiratory organs and structures and outline the process of air inhalation to exhalation through the respiratory system.
- Explain the mechanics of breathing and the significance of lung volumes.
- Compare the differences between internal and external respiration.
The Digestive System
- Identify the digestive organs and their associated functions.
- Investigate the use of enzymes relating to digestion and absorption.
The Urinary Systems
- Describe the function of the kidneys as a filtration mechanism for the body.
- Describe the physiology of urine formation.
- Identify various factors which regulate renal function.
The Reproductive System
- Identify the structures in the male reproductive system and the hormones that influence development.
- Identify the structures of the female reproductive system and the hormones that influence development.
- Outline the developmental changes from the prenatal period through adolescence.
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