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This course enables students to differentiate among the primary theoretical models of personality theory and counseling practice, including psychodynamic, affective, cognitive behavioral, humanistic, interpersonal, multicultural, and systems theory. A focus on evidence-based practices that incorporate cultural diversity issues with population-specific approaches is significant feature of this course. Emphasis is on the importance of students recognizing belief systems that accurately reflect their own personal style and to recognize strategies and approaches likely to be most successful with a particular client population. Students have opportunities to establish a strong theoretical foundation as the basis of clinical practice and to evaluate and assess clinical situations for implementation of therapeutic interventions that are gender and culturally appropriate. Assessment and intervention for emergency/crisis is introduced.
Discuss the basic construct of personality as a foundation for counseling theories and counseling models.
Define and appraise theoretical assumptions and major differences in counseling approaches.
Evaluate the data of personality psychology through exploration of 3 general approaches to research.
Define and appraise psychodynamic models of personality, including Freudian, object relations, and self psychology.
Evaluate the historical impact of psychodynamic personality theories on post-Freudian counseling models and theories.
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of applying psychodynamic models to various clients and clinical situations.
Define and appraise behavioral models of personality and counseling and related approaches.
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of applying behavioral models to various clients and clinical situations.
Define and appraise cognitive behavioral models of personality and counseling and related approaches.
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of applying cognitive behavioral models to various clients and clinical situations.
Define and appraise existential, humanistic, and Gestalt models of personality and counseling.
Evaluate the existential and humanistic therapeutic process and demonstrate appropriate counseling strategies.
Define and appraise the Adlerian model of personality and counseling.
Evaluate the therapeutic process and demonstrate appropriate counseling strategies of the Adlerian model of counseling.
Evaluate the systems model therapeutic process and demonstrate appropriate counseling interventions
Explore the concept of identity embedded in multiple contexts.
Evaluate socio-cultural considerations and the influence of cultural identity on attitude and therapeutic approach.
Demonstrate understanding of societal realities and the impact on case conceptualization.
Develop a personal integrative philosophy of counseling.
Demonstrate understanding of the significance therapist-client relationship skill and the collaborative/contextual assessment process.
Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of an individual integrative approach.
Demonstrate understanding of motivational theory.
Explore the biological foundations of personality
Identify examples of current and emerging trends in therapy.
Compare and contrast new trends and traditional approaches.
Explore the importance of assessing prior histories of all clients as a strategy for determining risk.
Evaluate best practices in managing clients at risk of self-harm and harm to others.
Investigate the role of therapists in medication management.
Assess the value of medications used with psychological disorders while considering best practices in evaluating the use of psychotropic medications within the scope of the counselor.