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Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative research.
Differentiate between pure and applied research.
Assess the nature and diversity of ethical dilemmas in criminological research.
Differentiate between types and functions of research designs.
Explore internal and external variable-related validity factors.
Describe the various classical experimental research designs.
Identify the major types of unobtrusive methods.
Distinguish between probability and nonprobability sampling plans.
Examine the features, functions, construction, and administration of questionnaires, and their strengths and weaknesses.
Assess features and functions of observation and its strengths and weaknesses as a data-gathering tool.
Explore different statistical measurement types and levels.
Compute the mean, median, and mode of statistical data.
Identify the properties of the normal distribution.
Examine the role of probability in statistics and statistical significance.
Describe the fundamentals of hypothesis testing.
Describe the functions of data management.
Discuss graphic presentation and its value as a descriptive tool in criminological research.
Examine the determination and measurement of validity.
Define reliability and the different kinds of reliability checks.
Examine various scaling and index construction methods.
Classify common errors in presenting and interpreting research findings.
Discuss the importance of project replication.
Identify how findings will be utilized.
Defend major research issues and how they affect the conduct and quality of research.
Extrapolate on issues surrounding the collection, analysis, and utilization of research.
Describe how to write a research report.
Examine proposal writing and various funding criteria.