This course is a survey which explores the organizational differences and jurisdictions of local, state, and federal law enforcement, judicial and corrections agencies; and the related processes involved in the criminal justice system. It surveys the historical aspects of the police, the courts, and the correctional system, as well as explains the foundational relevance of these components to the overall functioning of the criminal justice system. Additionally, special issues and challenges faced by each of these areas will be considered.
Identify choice theories of crime and their underlying assumptions.
Describe the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process.
Evaluate the differences between major crime reporting programs in the United States.
Describe governmental structure and its relationship to criminal justice.
Define crime and its relationship to law.
The Police and Law Enforcement
Describe the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdiction.
Identify various types of law enforcement agencies and the components of each.
Describe constitutional amendments related to policing.
Analyze the role of the police in contemporary society.
Outline the steps in the criminal trial process.
Differentiate the roles among members of the courtroom work group.
Evaluate various forms of punishment.
Compare and contrast the philosophical reasons for sentencing criminals.
Describe the historical development of U.S.courts.
Identify various types of prisons.
Compare the roles of jails and prisons in the American correctional system.
Identify prison inmate characteristics.
Describe the concepts on which probation and parole are based.
Explain the justifications for community-based corrections programs.
Analyze the impact of global crime.
Define delinquency and status offenses.
Compare and contrast juvenile courts and adult courts.
Explain the effect of technology on the criminal justice system.
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While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.
Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.