This course is an introduction and overview of the legal system, the participants, the courtroom process, and post conviction process of the course system. It demonstrates the connection among all participants and how they relate to each other. Additionally, the course covers the history of the court system and the different types of court at the state and federal levels.
Identify the major sentencing goals or philosophies.
Emerging Issues and Challenges
Discuss contemporary challenges and emerging issues in the courts.
Explain the use of technology in the courtroom.
Identify the causes of wrongful conviction.
Describe differential treatment of women and minorities.
Summarize the function of specialized courts.
Explain the juvenile court process.
Participants in the Courtroom
Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the defense attorney.
Identify the duties, role, and ethics of jurors.
Describe the role of the victim in criminal procedures.
Describe the role of the defendant in criminal procedures.
Compare the various methods of judicial selection.
Identify the duties, role, and ethics of judges.
Describe examples of ineffective representation of counsel.
Describe examples of prosecutorial misconduct.
Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the prosecutor.
Criminal Processes: Arrest, Pre-Trial, and Trial
Identify legal defenses.
Define the elements of a crime.
Describe the trial process.
Evaluate advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.
Identify rules of discovery.
Compare grand jury and preliminary hearings.
Identify types of bail.
Describe the right to bail.
Review arrest, booking, and initial appearance procedures.
Court Systems: History, Structure, and Philosophy
Describe the Crime Control and Due Process models of criminal justice.
Differentiate between the state court systems and the Federal court systems.
Describe the hierarchal structure of criminal courts.
Explain the history of courts in the United States.
Recognize the common law heritage of the American legal system.
The University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses.
While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Advisor.
Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.