cja224 | undergraduate

Introduction To Criminal Court Systems

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This course is an introduction and overview of the legal system, the participants, the courtroom process, and post conviction process of the course system. It demonstrates the connection among all participants and how they relate to each other. Additionally, the course covers the history of the court system and the different types of court at the state and federal levels.

This undergraduate-level course is 5 weeks This course is available to take individually or To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Duration: 5 weeks

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    Criminal Processes: Arrest, Pre-Trial, and Trial

    • Review arrest, booking, and initial appearance procedures.
    • Describe the right to bail.
    • Identify types of bail.
    • Compare grand jury and preliminary hearings.
    • Identify rules of discovery.
    • Evaluate advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.
    • Identify legal defenses.
    • Describe the trial process.
    • Define the elements of a crime.

    Emerging Issues and Challenges

    • Explain the juvenile court process.
    • Summarize the function of specialized courts.
    • Identify the causes of wrongful conviction.
    • Describe differential treatment of women and minorities.
    • Discuss contemporary challenges and emerging issues in the courts.
    • Explain the use of technology in the courtroom.

    Post-Conviction Process

    • Identify the major sentencing goals or philosophies.
    • Identify the primary types of sanctions.
    • Describe the legal factors in sentencing.
    • Describe alternative sentencing options.
    • Summarize the appellate process.

    Court Systems: History, Structure, and Philosophy

    • Describe the hierarchal structure of criminal courts.
    • Differentiate between the state court systems and the Federal court systems.
    • Describe the Crime Control and Due Process models of criminal justice.
    • Recognize the common law heritage of the American legal system.
    • Explain the history of courts in the United States.

    Participants in the Courtroom

    • Describe examples of ineffective representation of counsel.
    • Compare the various methods of judicial selection.
    • Describe examples of prosecutorial misconduct.
    • Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the prosecutor.
    • Identify the duties, role, and ethics of judges.
    • Describe the role of the defendant in criminal procedures.
    • Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the defense attorney.
    • Describe the role of the victim in criminal procedures.
    • Identify the duties, role, and ethics of jurors.
    Tuition for individual courses varies. For more information, please call or chat live with an Enrollment Representative.

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    Teacher Rate: For some courses, special tuition rates are available for current, certified P-12 teachers and administrators. Please speak with an Enrollment Representative today for more details.

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    The University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses.

    While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.

    Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.