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Criminal Processes: Arrest, Pre-Trial, and Trial
- Review arrest, booking, and initial appearance procedures.
- Describe the right to bail.
- Identify types of bail.
- Compare grand jury and preliminary hearings.
- Identify rules of discovery.
- Evaluate advantages and disadvantages of plea bargaining.
- Identify legal defenses.
- Describe the trial process.
- Define the elements of a crime.
Emerging Issues and Challenges
- Explain the juvenile court process.
- Summarize the function of specialized courts.
- Identify the causes of wrongful conviction.
- Describe differential treatment of women and minorities.
- Discuss contemporary challenges and emerging issues in the courts.
- Explain the use of technology in the courtroom.
- Identify the major sentencing goals or philosophies.
- Identify the primary types of sanctions.
- Describe the legal factors in sentencing.
- Describe alternative sentencing options.
- Summarize the appellate process.
Court Systems: History, Structure, and Philosophy
- Describe the hierarchal structure of criminal courts.
- Differentiate between the state court systems and the Federal court systems.
- Describe the Crime Control and Due Process models of criminal justice.
- Recognize the common law heritage of the American legal system.
- Explain the history of courts in the United States.
Participants in the Courtroom
- Describe examples of ineffective representation of counsel.
- Compare the various methods of judicial selection.
- Describe examples of prosecutorial misconduct.
- Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the prosecutor.
- Identify the duties, role, and ethics of judges.
- Describe the role of the defendant in criminal procedures.
- Identify the duties, role, and ethics of the defense attorney.
- Describe the role of the victim in criminal procedures.
- Identify the duties, role, and ethics of jurors.
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