Legal Issues In Justice And Security –


(3 credits)

This course examines the competing legal and social issues that influence the actions of public officials, security personnel, and private citizens with respect to the provision of law enforcement, safety, and security services for various elements of society. The potential conflicts between public policy and civil rights will be discussed.
This graduate-level course is 6 weeks. This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Advisor.

Influence of Public Opinion and Special Interest Groups on Public Safety and Civil Rights

  • Analyze public safety as it relates to hate crimes.
  • Distinguish between general public opinion and vocal special interest groups.
  • Discuss the issues relating to gun control.
  • Debate the death penalty in terms of public safety versus civil rights.
  • Discuss how the development of mass media has changed the security and public safety working environment.
  • Evaluate the benefits and consequences of pursuit driving.

Public Safety Versus Civil Rights

  • Debate the impact of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 on civil rights.
  • Describe the influence of domestic and international terrorism on the attitudes of American citizens in relation to law enforcement and security operations.
  • Analyze the role of law enforcement in addressing social violence.
  • Differentiate the issues related to the rights of the accused, victims, witnesses, journalists, advocacy groups, and taxpayers.
  • Evaluate the impact of technological advances on individual privacy rights.
  • Analyze issues related to cultural diversity, race, ethnicity, gender, age, and religion as they relate to law enforcement and security services.

Constitutional Foundations of the Law and Social Control

  • Analyze recent Supreme Court decisions that relate to public safety and privacy issues.
  • Distinguish between the laws relating to the use of force by public police and private security.
  • Evaluate the psychological and physical treatment of suspected offenders.
  • Debate laws relating to search, seizure, and surveillance by police, school officials, security personnel, and private citizens in relation to individual privacy rights.
  • Describe statutory authority and responsibilities of justice system officials, security personnel, and private citizens as they relate to investigative detention and the arrest of suspected offenders.

Objectives of Justice and Security Organizations

  • Assess the roles of private security organizations with respect to both corporate and public protection.
  • Compare the objectives of the Juvenile Justice System with those of other agencies.
  • Compare the objectives of probation, parole, and correctional organizations in regard to public safety and individual rights.
  • Identify the roles of the federal, state, and local court systems with respect to public safety and civil rights.
  • Describe the objectives of and the challenges facing various federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies.

Roles of Criminal Justice Personnel and Private Security

  • Identify future trends of public law enforcement, courts, corrections, and privatized security agencies.
  • Design operational methodologies to achieve optimum effectiveness pertaining to jurisdictional limitations on public and private agencies.
  • Identify contemporary security issues and how protection can be provided effectively from a legal standpoint.
  • Evaluate legal, ethical, management, and economic issues related to public and private corrections systems.
  • Compare the roles and objectives of public police versus private security.

Official Behavior in the Criminal Justice System

  • Describe the requirements for non-medical security and justice personnel concerning privacy and confidentiality rights as set forth in the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.
  • Critique the value and ramifications of the concept of civilian oversight of criminal justice operations.
  • Define the issues of liability, accountability, and economic impact within the criminal justice system.
  • Identify current legal parameters affecting policing and correctional models.
  • Assess stress, aggression, social isolation, and attitudes toward the general public among criminal justice personnel.
  • Evaluate the discretionary authority of police, court officers, and correctional personnel.

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