Exploration Of The Earth Sciences –
Earth and Earth Materials
Describe the layers of the Earth and their physical properties.
Examine the economic and environmental impact of mineral extraction worldwide.
Differentiate among types of rocks and minerals.
- Examine methods of identifying minerals by physical and chemical properties.
- Describe how fossils can validate scientific findings or current scientific theories.
Sculpturing Earth's Surfaces
Apply the concept of particle size to types of sediment in order to differentiate between types of soil.
Explain the five important soil-forming factors and their importance in the formation of soil.
- Investigate ways that floods, water shortages, and other associated water processes have affected human history.
- Describe how glaciers form, grow, and shrink throughout time.
- Describe the physical and chemical weathering processes that sculpt Earth’s surface.
Explain how Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift reemerged as the theory of plate tectonics including the evidence that supports it.
Explain the effects of plate tectonic motion on climate, geography, and distribution of organisms.
Relate earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis to plate movement.
Earth's Dynamic Ocean and Atmosphere
Explain the origin of ocean water and its salinity.
Describe surface currents and their circulation patterns.
Explain the role of the Moon, Sun, and inertia in the development of tides.
- Examine practices that are used to protect waterfront land from erosion.
- Describe the role of convection cells in atmospheric circulation.
Earth and the Universe
- Explain the reason for seasons on Earth.
Examine other planets that may or may not have seasons.
Describe the early evolution of Earth and its atmosphere.
- Describe the formation and motion of the Sun, Moon, planets, and other bodies in the universe.
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