This course is an introduction to the main concepts of number theory. The topics will include divisibility of numbers, prime numbers, Euclid’s theorem and algorithm, fundamental theory of arithmetic, the sequence of primes, linear congruence, solving polynomials congruence, Fermat’s theorem, quadratic residuals, and roots of congruences. Students will deepen their experience with axiomatic systems.
Apply the variety of ciphers to encrypt and decrypt messages.
Implement cryptosystems to cryptographic applications.
Use the RSA cryptosystem to encrypt and decrypt messages.
Special Congruences and Nonlinear Diophantine Equations
Find the Pythagorean triples.
Demonstrate the validity of Wilson’s theorem.
Use Fermat’s little theorem to find the least positive residue.
Evaluate the Euler phi-function and solve equations involving the function.
Determine the sum and number of divisors of positive integers.
Solve some nonlinear diophantine equations as special cases of Fermat's last theorem.
Find sums and products of numbers.
Employ the concept of divisibility of one integer by another integer.
Use the principles of mathematical induction to complete positive integer exercises.
Perform arithmetic operations with integers using algorithms.
Implement the Fibonacci sequence.
Verify properties of numbers and sequences.
Primes and Greatest Common Divisors
Find the greatest common divisor of two integers.
Use the Euclidean algorithm to produce the greatest common divisor.
Apply the fundamental theorem of arithmetic to find prime factorization of positive integers.
Solve linear diophantine equations.
Convert regular and decimal fractions into each other.
Perform factorization of Fermat numbers.
Employ modular arithmetic to complete problem sets.
Solve linear congruences.
Apply the Chinese remainder theorem to solve systems of linear congruences.
Solve polynomial congruences.
The University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses.
While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.
Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.