Anatomy and Physiology II is the second in a two course sequence examining the terminology, structure, function, and interdependence of systems within the human body. This course includes a study of circulatory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Discussion includes the application of nutrition, fluid, electrolyte and acid base balance, and genetics as applicable to the weekly course content. In conjunction with the classroom instruction, the anatomy and physiology online lab component for this course requires students to apply knowledge learned regarding the systems through online experiments and critical thinking application exercises.
Examine the composition of blood and its functions
Analyze the importance of blood testing and what can be learned through blood analysis
List three parts of the heart and describe how each part works to make the heart pump and circulate blood
Explain the physiological properties of the heart
The Cardiovascular System – Blood Vessels and Circulation
Describe blood pressure and the factors that can contribute to an altered state of blood pressure
Discuss the methods by which blood flows to special areas
Examine factors that contribute to blood flow
The Lymphatic and Immune Systems
Compare the structure of a lymph node to other lymphoid organs
Identify instances of the body’s innate and adaptive defenses
Demonstrate how serological tests are performed
The Respiratory System
Identify the effects of vocal imbalances on voice production
Discuss the mechanics of breathing
Outline the process of air inhalation to exhalation through the respiratory system
Manipulate air passages to affect lung inhalation
The Digestive System and Nutrition
Explain the digestive process and the organs used in the digestive process
Perform chemical tests to determine whether digestion of food has occurred
Describe how the body metabolizes nutrients to regulate body temperature
The Urinary Systems, Fluids, and Electrolytes
Describe the function of the kidneys as a filtration mechanism for the body
Describe how the body absorbs and releases water
Demonstrate how chemicals regulate the body’s pH
The Reproductive System
Compare the female reproductive organs to the male reproductive organs
Examine the effects of hormones on reproductive organs.
Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental changes from the prenatal period through adolescence
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