Anatomy And Physiology II – nsci281 (4 credits)
Anatomy and Physiology II is the second in a two course sequence examining the terminology, structure, function, and interdependence of systems within the human body. This course includes a study of circulatory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Discussion includes the application of nutrition, fluid, electrolyte and acid base balance, and genetics as applicable to the weekly course content. In conjunction with the classroom instruction, the anatomy and physiology online lab component for this course requires students to apply knowledge learned regarding the systems through online experiments and critical thinking application exercises.
The Urinary Systems, Fluids, and Electrolytes
- Demonstrate how chemicals regulate the body’s pH
- Describe the function of the kidneys as a filtration mechanism for the body
- Describe how the body absorbs and releases water
The Reproductive System
- Compare the female reproductive organs to the male reproductive organs
- Examine the effects of hormones on reproductive organs.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental changes from the prenatal period through adolescence
The Cardiovascular System – Blood and the Heart
- Examine the composition of blood and its functions
- Analyze the importance of blood testing and what can be learned through blood analysis
- List three parts of the heart and describe how each part works to make the heart pump and circulate blood
- Explain the physiological properties of the heart
The Cardiovascular System – Blood Vessels and Circulation
- Describe blood pressure and the factors that can contribute to an altered state of blood pressure
- Discuss the methods by which blood flows to special areas
- Examine factors that contribute to blood flow
The Lymphatic and Immune Systems
- Compare the structure of a lymph node to other lymphoid organs
- Identify instances of the body’s innate and adaptive defenses
- Demonstrate how serological tests are performed
The Respiratory System
- Identify the effects of vocal imbalances on voice production
- Discuss the mechanics of breathing
- Outline the process of air inhalation to exhalation through the respiratory system
- Manipulate air passages to affect lung inhalation
The Digestive System and Nutrition
- Explain the digestive process and the organs used in the digestive process
- Perform chemical tests to determine whether digestion of food has occurred
- Describe how the body metabolizes nutrients to regulate body temperature
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