ajs552 | Graduate

Legal Issues In Justice And Security

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This course examines the competing legal and social issues that influence the actions of public officials, security personnel, and private citizens with respect to the provision of law enforcement, safety, and security services for various elements of society. The potential conflicts between public policy and civil rights will be discussed.

This graduate-level course is 6 This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Continuing education units: XX
Professional development units: XX
Duration: 6

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    Constitutional Foundations of the Law and Social Control

    • Debate laws relating to search, seizure, and surveillance by police, school officials, security personnel, and private citizens in relation to individual privacy rights.
    • Evaluate the psychological and physical treatment of suspected offenders.
    • Distinguish between the laws relating to the use of force by public police and private security.
    • Analyze recent Supreme Court decisions that relate to public safety and privacy issues.
    • Describe statutory authority and responsibilities of justice system officials, security personnel, and private citizens as they relate to investigative detention and the arrest of suspected offenders.

    Official Behavior in the Criminal Justice System

    • Identify current legal parameters affecting policing and correctional models.
    • Evaluate the discretionary authority of police, court officers, and correctional personnel.
    • Assess stress, aggression, social isolation, and attitudes toward the general public among criminal justice personnel.
    • Define the issues of liability, accountability, and economic impact within the criminal justice system.
    • Critique the value and ramifications of the concept of civilian oversight of criminal justice operations.
    • Describe the requirements for non-medical security and justice personnel concerning privacy and confidentiality rights as set forth in the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.

    Public Safety Versus Civil Rights

    • Analyze issues related to cultural diversity, race, ethnicity, gender, age, and religion as they relate to law enforcement and security services.
    • Evaluate the impact of technological advances on individual privacy rights.
    • Describe the influence of domestic and international terrorism on the attitudes of American citizens in relation to law enforcement and security operations.
    • Debate the impact of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 on civil rights.
    • Analyze the role of law enforcement in addressing social violence.
    • Differentiate the issues related to the rights of the accused, victims, witnesses, journalists, advocacy groups, and taxpayers.

    Influence of Public Opinion and Special Interest Groups on Public Safety and Civil Rights

    • Discuss how the development of mass media has changed the security and public safety working environment.
    • Debate the death penalty in terms of public safety versus civil rights.
    • Discuss the issues relating to gun control.
    • Distinguish between general public opinion and vocal special interest groups.
    • Evaluate the benefits and consequences of pursuit driving.
    • Analyze public safety as it relates to hate crimes.

    Roles of Criminal Justice Personnel and Private Security

    • Compare the roles and objectives of public police versus private security.
    • Evaluate legal, ethical, management, and economic issues related to public and private corrections systems.
    • Identify contemporary security issues and how protection can be provided effectively from a legal standpoint.
    • Design operational methodologies to achieve optimum effectiveness pertaining to jurisdictional limitations on public and private agencies.
    • Identify future trends of public law enforcement, courts, corrections, and privatized security agencies.

    Objectives of Justice and Security Organizations

    • Describe the objectives of and the challenges facing various federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies.
    • Identify the roles of the federal, state, and local court systems with respect to public safety and civil rights.
    • Compare the objectives of probation, parole, and correctional organizations in regard to public safety and individual rights.
    • Compare the objectives of the Juvenile Justice System with those of other agencies.
    • Assess the roles of private security organizations with respect to both corporate and public protection.
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