bio351 | undergraduate

General Biology II

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This course continues the examination of principles and applications of biology that was begun in BIO 350: General Biology I. Topics include evolution, biodiversity, the structure and function of plants and animals, and ecology. Students apply these concepts using practical examples, facilitated discussions, and experiments conducted through hands-on labs.

This undergraduate-level course is 7 This course is available to take individually or To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 4
Continuing education units: XX
Professional development units: XX
Duration: 7

topic title goes here


    • Interpret Darwin’s systematic observations.
    • Explain evolution in terms of natural selection.
    • Apply the Hardy-Weinberg principle to assess the evolution of a population.


    • Analyze speciation and the limitations of the biological species concept.
    • Characterize external (habitat) and internal (genetic) factors leading to reproductive isolation and speciation.
    • Explain how phylogenetic trees show evolutionary relationships based on parsimony and maximum likelihood.

    The History of Life on Earth & Microorganisms

    • Interpret the history of earth as it relates to the origin and radiation of species.
    • Classify microscopic organisms by size, structure, and function.

    Plant Diversity & Fungi

    • Analyze how plants evolved from green algae and adapted to life on land.
    • Classify seed plants, gymnosperms, and angiosperms by structure and function.
    • Classify fungi by structure and function.

    Animals & Invertebrates

    • Classify animals by structure and function.
    • Classify invertebrates by structure and function.


    • Classify vertebrates by structure and function.
    • Analyze mammalian structures and their functions.


    • Compare Earth’s biomes
    • Analyze how interactions between organisms and the environment limit the distribution of species
    • Evaluate interactions of organisms in ecological systems in response to abiotic change.
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