cja204 | undergraduate
Introduction To Criminal Justice
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The Criminal Justice System
- Describe governmental structure and its relationship to criminal justice.
- Describe the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process.
- Describe crime rates, arrest rates, recidivism rates, and clearance rates in the United States.
- Examine the differences between major crime reporting programs in the United States.
- Define crime and its relationship to law.
- Describe the two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal.
- Identify choice theories of crime and their underlying assumptions.
- Identify instruments for measuring crime.
- Outline the dual court system in the United States.
- Examine the differences among members of the courtroom work group.
- Identify the steps involved in the pretrial criminal process.
- List the six basic steps of an appeal.
- Compare and contrast the five basic philosophical reasons for sentencing criminals.
- Define the six forms of punishment.
- Describe the historical development of U.S.courts.
- Explain how a prosecutor screens potential cases.
The Police and Law Enforcement
- Recognize the role of the police in contemporary society and be familiar with concepts such as community policing.
- Describe the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdiction.
- List five main types of law enforcement agencies and the various law enforcement agencies under the control of the new Department of Homeland Security.
- Outline four major sources that may provide probable cause.
- Examine the issues facing police departments in today's society.
- List three primary purposes of police patrol.
- Identify types of prisons.
- Describe prison culture and subculture.
- Summarize the distinction between jails and prisons, and indicate the importance of jails in the American correctional system.
- Indicate some of the reasons for violent behavior in prisons.
- Compare and contrast parole and probation and the conditions which accompany each.
- Describe truth-in-sentencing laws and their goals.
- Explain the justifications for community-based corrections programs.
- Define delinquency and status offenses .
- Compare and contrast the four major differences between juvenile courts and adult courts.
- Identify the variables which correlate with juvenile crime rates.
- Distinguish cyber crime from traditional crime.
- Explain the activities and purposes of most hackers.
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