This course is an overview of American court history, including the development of state and federal courts. Court administration, the roles of professional and non-professional courtroom participants, and stages in the process are discussed.
Compare and contrast federal and state courts and their organizational structure.
Defendants, Victims and Witnesses
Understand the characteristics of victims.
Discuss the Victims' Rights Movement and programs to assist victims and witnesses.
Understand the characteristics of defendants.
Understand the court process through the eyes of victims and witnesses.
Discuss the effect of arrests on the court process.
Understand the initial appearance and charging process.
Understand the arraignment.
Understand the process of bail setting.
Discuss bail reform.
Understand the rules regarding disclosure of evidence.
Discuss the procedures contesting confessions, searches and seizures.
Compare and contrast the preliminary hearing and grand jury procedures.
Discuss theories of case attrition.
Understand plea bargaining procedures.
Understand jury selection procedures.
Identify and understand trial procedures.
Understand sentencing procedures.
Understand theory underlying sentencing choices.
Discuss the procedures contesting confessions, searches, and seizures.
Discuss the abolition of plea bargaining.
Discuss the constitutional right to trial by jury.
Discuss the inner workings of the courthouse and identify the people who work there.
Understand the right to counsel and the obligations of defense counsel.
Discuss the work-related functions of the defense attorney.
Discuss the problem of "delay" and its effects on the functions of the court.
Define the role of the prosecutor.
Compare and contrast state and federal prosecutions.
Discuss the work-related functions of the prosecutor.
Understand the role of the defense attorney.
Discuss the benefits and frustrations of the position of the judge.
Discuss the work-related functions of the judge.
Understand the rules and procedures available for criticism of judicial performance.
Understand appellate court procedures.
Compare and contrast appeals and post conviction reviews.
Discuss the expansion and contraction of post-conviction remedies and procedures.
Identify scope and role of lower courts.
Discuss problems of lower courts.
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While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.
Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.