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This course is a survey of the punishment phase of the criminal justice system, including the history, evolution, and process of American corrections. It provides an overview of corrections, including the persons, agencies, and organizations that manage criminals. Jails and prisons are described, including portrayals of inmates and their characteristics, and administrative operations. Other issues examined include overcrowding, inmate rights, privatization, the emergence of community corrections, female prisoners, and juveniles.
This undergraduate-level course is 5 weeks. This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.
Review early history and the Age of Enlightenment.
Learn about prison reform and penitentiaries.
Understand penitentiary reform in the 19th Century.
View prisons as total institutions.
Learn the types of functions of prisons.
Understand the issues of women and prison.
Discuss the concept of labor in prisons.
Review the federal prison system.
Learn about state prisons.
Understand the issues related to juvenile corrections.
Discuss prisoner management and related issues.
Understand sentencing decisions.
Learn sentencing strategies.
Discuss what comes after the verdict and the appeals process.
Identify special sentencing considerations for juveniles.
Understand the issues related to jails and women.
Explore the variations in jail use.
Learn the physical plant of jails.
Learn about jail employees.
Determine the major issues with jails and detention facilities.
Identify other local detention facilities.
Discuss violence in correctional institutions.
Understand juvenile inmate characteristics and issues.
Identify prison inmate characteristics.
Contrast jail inmate characteristics.
Understand prison and jail cultures.
Learn the history of probation and parole.
Discuss the administration of probation and parole.
Understand the violations of probation and parole.
Discuss the duties of probation and parole officers.
Understand issues related to probation for juvenile offenders.
Define community corrections and intermediate punishments.
Discuss "reentry programs" as community based corrections.
Understand the concept of diversion.
Learn about fines, forfeitures, and restitution.
Review the concepts of community service.
List community alternatives for juveniles.
Review the responsibilities of institutional corrections officers, probation and parole officers, correctional counselors, community corrections personnel, and other correctional positions.
Discuss correctional job prospects.
Learn how to find about jobs, internships, and cooperative education experiences.
Review the history of correctional litigation.
Understand the laws and litigation dealing with probation and parole.
Describe the issues raised by correctional lawsuits.
Identify recent trends in litigation by prison and jail inmates.
Discuss capital punishment and prisoner litigation.
Discuss future correctional philosophies.
Assess future correctional practices.
Estimate future correctional populations.
Anticipate future correctional problems.
Identify future correctional research objectives.
Understand concepts of correctional administration and management.
Conduct an overview of the bureaucracy.
Learn various leadership styles.
Discuss the issues facing correctional managers.
Identify modern management tasks.
Understand inmate management.
Learn the meaning of corrections.
Review philosophies of punishment.
Discuss various corrections programs.
The University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses.
While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.
Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.