cja403 | undergraduate

Juvenile Justice Systems And Processes

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This course is a general orientation to the field of juvenile justice, including causation theories and the development of system responses to delinquent behavior. The problems facing juveniles today are addressed, and adult and juvenile justice systems are compared, including initial apprehension, referral, and preventive techniques. Specific issues examined include chemical dependency, mental illness, and compulsive and habitual offenders. Special attention is given to the problems inherent in the police handling of juveniles and the function of juvenile courts.



This undergraduate-level course is 5 weeks This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Duration: 5 weeks

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    Juvenile Corrections

    • Identify the types of institutions, programs, and services available to juveniles.
    • Analyze the role and effectiveness of juvenile aftercare.
    • Evaluate the dual standards that may be applied by the juvenile justice system.
    • Identify the resources necessary to work with juveniles with special needs.
    • Compare correctional objectives for juvenile treatment and public safety.

    Juvenile Court Process

    • Describe the juvenile court process in the handling of juvenile offenders.
    • Analyze the adjudication process.
    • Explain the roles and authority of the judge, prosecuting attorney, court-appointed special advocate, public defender, and probation officers.
    • Analyze the models of risk and needs assessment tools used with juvenile offenders.
    • Evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of a variety of dispositional alternatives.

    Future Trends

    • Explain the ramifications of the U.S. Department of Justice’s involvement in state juvenile correctional facilities.
    • Describe alternative treatment strategies, specialty courts, and other juvenile-based programs.
    • Analyze the role of privatization in the juvenile justice system.
    • Assess existing and new research in determining the future of the juvenile justice system.

    Overview of Juvenile Justice in the United States

    • Describe the history and development of the juvenile court system.
    • Compare the roles of the juvenile and adult courts.
    • Assess the impact of national initiatives, case law, and legislation on state juvenile justice systems.
    • Analyze methods and information sources used in the measurement of delinquency.
    • Identify the various theories of delinquency causation.

    Police and the Community

    • Describe the role of the police in the juvenile justice system.
    • Explain the use of prevention and intervention strategies in the community.
    • Compare community policing strategies regarding law enforcement’s role in relation to juveniles.
    • Distinguish between educational and community programs designed to ensure the success of juveniles.
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    The University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses.

    While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.

    Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.