cjs200 | undergraduate

Foundations Of The Criminal Justice System

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This course is an introductory overview of the organization and jurisdictions of local, state, and federal law enforcement, judicial and corrections agencies, and processes involved in the criminal justice systems. It examines the historical aspects of the police, the courts, and the correctional system, as well as the philosophy. Additionally, career opportunities and qualifying requirements, terminology, and constitutional limitations of the system will also be covered.

This undergraduate-level course is 9 This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Continuing education units: XX
Professional development units: XX
Duration: 9

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    Corrections, Part 1

    • Explain the concept of prison as a total institution.

    • Summarize the distinction between jails and prisons and indicate the importance of jails in the U.S. correctional system.

    • Explain the justifications for community-based corrections programs.

    • Identify the four types of prisons.

    Criminal Courts: History and Processes

    • Outline the dual court system in the United States.

    • Describe the historical development of U.S. courts.

    • Identify the steps involved in the pretrial criminal process.

    • List the six basic steps of an appeal.

    Corrections, Part 2

    • Explain some of the reasons for violent behavior in prisons.

    • Describe the concepts on which parole is based and the typical conditions that accompany parole.

    • Describe truth-in-sentencing laws and their goals.

    Special Issues

    • Define delinquency and status offenses.

    • Identify the four major differences between juvenile courts and adult courts.

    • Identify the variables that correlate with juvenile crime rates.

    • Distinguish cybercrime from traditional crime.

    • Explain the activities and purposes of most hackers.

    The Criminal Justice System

    • Describe governmental structure and its relationship to criminal justice.

    • Describe the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process.

    • Explain the differences between major crime-reporting programs in the United States.

    • Describe crime rates, arrest rates, and clearance rates in the United States.

    The Police: History and Agencies

    • Describe the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdiction.

    • List five main types of law enforcement agencies and the various agencies under the control of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

    • List three primary purposes of police patrol.

    Law Enforcement in Today's Society

    • Outline four major sources that may provide probable cause.

    • Describe the role of the police in contemporary society and in community policing.

    • Explain the issues facing police departments in today's society.

    Criminal Courts: Players and Sentencing

    • Explain the differences among members of the courtroom work group.

    • Explain how a prosecutor screens potential cases.

    • Compare and contrast the four basic philosophical reasons for sentencing criminals.

    • Define the six forms of punishment.

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