cjs220 | undergraduate

Introduction To Criminal Court System

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This course is an introduction and overview of the legal system, the participants, the courtroom process, and post-conviction process of the court system. It demonstrates the connections among participants and how they relate to each other. Additionally, the course covers the history of the court system and the different types of court at the state and federal levels.



This undergraduate-level course is 9 weeks This course is available as part of a degree or certificate program. To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Continuing education units: XX
Professional development units: XX
Duration: 9 weeks

topic title goes here

    Courtroom Process, Part 1

    • Describe the models of the criminal justice process.
    • Identify case attrition and key points in the criminal justice process.

    Courtroom Process, Part 2

    • Define plea bargaining.
    • Compare and contrast a bench trial and a jury trial.
    • Summarize the bail system.

    Post-Conviction Process – Philosophies and Sanctions

    • Identify different punishment philosophies.
    • Explain the juvenile court process.
    • Describe sanctions.

    Post-Conviction Process – Sentencing and Appeals

    • Identify the legal factors in sentencing.
    • Examine the appeals process.

    History of the Courts

    • Examine the creation of laws.
    • Analyze the history of courts in the United States.

    Development of the Courts

    • Recognize common law heritage of the American legal system.
    • Differentiate between trial court and appellate court.
    • Differentiate between state court systems and federal court systems.

    Crime Committed, Arrest, and Post-Arrest Procedures

    • Outline the elements of a crime.
    • Identify three of the legal defenses.
    • Describe the process following the commission of a crime.
    • Explain post-arrest procedures.
    • Define the adversarial system.
    • Describe the concept of due process.
    • Identify the rights of the accused.

    Participants in Courtroom Drama, Part 1

    • Classify the duties of the prosecutor.
    • Define prosecutorial discretion.
    • Describe the defense lawyer’s role in the court system.
    • Recognize the importance of attorney-client confidentiality.

    Participants in Courtroom Drama, Part 2

    • Explain judicial discretion and its effect on other participants.
    • Describe the duties of the judge and how judges are selected.
    • Describe the duties of jurors and the duties of other courtroom players.
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    While widely available, not all programs are available in all locations or in both online and on-campus formats. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.

    Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.