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Phonological Theory and Application




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Course level: Continuing Teacher Education

This course addresses the linguistic, neurological, cognitive, and socio-cultural factors that influence readers and writers. Participants study relevant research, theories, and instructional approaches, including technology and multimedia, to support phonics as a fundamental component of effective reading, writing, and spelling programs. National and state standards in literacy and the role of phonics in students' reading and writing achievement is discussed. This course is not available for enrollment to residents of Alabama, Arkansas, and Kentucky.



What you'll learn

Course skills and outcomes

Overview of Phonics in Education

  • Define phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and phonics.
  • Discuss the history and controversy of using phonics instruction in schools.
  • Evaluate basic approaches to and most current research on phonics instruction.
  • Identify the linguistic, neurological, cognitive, and socio-cultural factors that influence reading and writing.

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

  • Explain the role of phonological awareness and phonemic awareness in the reading process.
  • Identify strategies for embedding the components of phonological and phonemic awareness in instruction.
  • Adapt components of phonological and phonemic awareness strategies for diverse learners.
  • Identify assessments used to assess phonological and phonemic awareness.

Phonics in Reading, Writing, and Spelling Instruction

  • Describe the role phonics and high-frequency words play in reading fluency.
  • Identify texts and strategies for embedding phonics instruction within authentic reading, writing, and spelling tasks.
  • Identify activities and strategies for using word sorts in phonics instruction.
  • Create effective phonics assessments related to reading, writing, and spelling.
  • Explain the stages of spelling development.
  • Adapt phonics strategies in writing and spelling tasks for diverse learners.
  • Create effective phonics assessments related to writing and spelling.

Technology and Interventions

  • Identify multimedia and technology tools to enhance phonics instruction in reading, writing, and spelling.
  • Evaluate phonics interventions used for beginning readers and older readers who are struggling.
  • Identify best practices in teaching phonics and differentiating phonics instruction for diverse learners.


Why take courses at University of Phoenix

Accreditation that matters

We’ve been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission ( for more than 40 years.

Real-world instructors

Learn from instructors who bring an average of 25 years of working experience to the classroom.

Affordable and potentially reimbursable

Our tuition and fees are competitive and fixed. Also, check to see if your employer will cover you for this course.

Next Steps

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Call (844) 937-8679

Transfer Credits

Credit Transfer

Credit Transfer

Need to transfer credits to another college or university?

Before you enroll in a course, check with your school of choice to make sure they will accept our transfer credits and to understand any requirements or limitations. Then you can complete your course, and request your official transcript be sent to your school. That’s it!

How to request your transcripts