sec110 | undergraduate

Introduction To The Criminal Justice System And Patriot Act

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This course will introduce the student to the world of criminal justice and the foundations upon which criminal justice is built. The history of criminal justice will be explored and special attention given to the United States Constitution and the USA PATRIOT Act, providing the student with the initial building blocks of knowledge needed for a career in the criminal justice field and completion of their degree.

This undergraduate-level course is 5 To enroll, speak with an Enrollment Representative.

Course details:

Credits: 3
Continuing education units: XX
Professional development units: XX
Duration: 5

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    Criminal Justice Systems

    • Discuss law enforcement at the municipal, county, state and federal levels.
    • Describe the duties of the police, courts and corrections.
    • Describe how the courts, corrections and law enforcement and are interconnected within the criminal justice system.
    • Identify atypical law enforcement professions.
    • Discuss due process and crime control models.
    • Analyze criminal justice from a systems perspective.

    The Courts: Structure & Processes

    • Identify significant court cases dealing with 4th, 5th and 6th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution.
    • Describe the court system at the local, county, state, and federal levels.
    • Discuss related roles and responsibilities of the judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, and bailiff.


    • Discuss the history of corrections.
    • Discuss the major differences between the New York and Pennsylvania correctional systems in the nineteenth century.
    • Discuss the community’s perception of corrections.
    • Discuss the adverse number of minorities within U.S. prisons.
    • Identify factors contributing to prison population increases, such as drug offenses.
    • Discuss the theories of corrections.

    Legal Considerations & The USA PATRIOT Act

    • Describe legal considerations and public perception of events related to September 11, 2011 attacks, such as the passing of the USA PATRIOT Act and revised law enforcement practices.
    • Discuss losing individual rights and personal freedoms in exchange for personal safety.
    • Discuss legal considerations related to terrorism in America today.

    History of Criminal Justice

    • Discuss Sir Robert Peel and how he modernized policing and created the Metropolitan Police Force.
    • Identify the principles, requirements and practices that Sir Robert Peel identified as necessary for a police department to have.
    • Discuss early policing and its evolution to today’s policing in the United States. Include the Colonial Era, the Political Era, The Professional Era, and the Community Policing Era.
    • Define the terms Community Oriented Policing and Problem Oriented Policing.
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    Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.