This course provides students with an in-depth knowledge of the principles and applications of biology. Topics include biochemistry, genetics, the structure and function of molecules and cells, metabolism, and energy transformation. Students apply these concepts using practical examples, facilitated discussions, and experiments conducted through hands-on labs. This course is the first half of the general biology sequence, which is completed in BIO/351: General Biology II.
Summarize the various levels of biological organization.
Analyze the process of scientific inquiry and investigation.
Describe the chemical elements and compounds of life.
Describe the electron structure of atoms and molecules.
Examine chemical reactions.
Water, Carbon, and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Explain the effects of water’s polarity.
Summarize how water molecules and pH dissociate.
Explain the importance of carbon to life.
Analyze biologically important functional groups.
Macromolecules and a Tour of the Cell
Differentiate the structure and function of macromolecules.
Summarize why cells are classified as the fundamental units of life.
Describe the various intracellular and extracellular components that constitute a cell.
Membranes and Metabolism
Describe the fluid mosaic model.
Categorize how cellular membranes control traffic into and out of cells.
Evaluate an organism’s metabolism in terms of chemical pathways and the transformation of matter and energy.
Identify how energy is capable of catalyzing a chemical reaction.
Assess the role of ATP in cellular work.
Cellular Respiration, Fermentation, and Photosynthesis
Examine the mechanisms by which energy is harvested by an organism through cellular respiration.
Describe the two stages of photosynthesis.
Categorize the energy flow and chemical recycling within an ecosystem by organisms that undergo cellular respiration and photosynthesis.
Describe the three stages of cellular respiration.
Explain the anaerobic pathways of fermentation and glycolysis.
The Cell Cycle and Meiosis
Explain the regulation of the cell cycle.
Classify the different phases of mitosis.
Analyze the loss of cell cycle controls in cancer cells.
Differentiate between asexual and sexual reproduction.
Classify the different phases of meiosis.
Evaluate how Mendel’s research established the genetic laws of segregation and probability.
Analyze non-Mendelian genetics and the patterns of inheritance.
Predict how human traits can follow Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance.
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Transferability of credit is at the discretion of the receiving institution. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm whether or not credits earned at University of Phoenix will be accepted by another institution of the student’s choice.