This course continues the examination of principles and applications of biology that was begun in BIO/350: General Biology I. Topics include evolution, biodiversity, the structure and function of plants and animals, and ecology. Students apply these concepts using practical examples, facilitated discussions, and experiments conducted through hands-on labs.
Describe how the Hardy–Weinberg principle is used to assess the evolution of a population.
Interpret Darwin’s systematic observations.
Explain evolution in terms of natural selection.
Week Two: Phylogeny
Evaluate speciation and reproductive barriers that contribute to isolation.
Examine how phylogenetic trees show evolutionary relationships.
Week Three: The History of Life on Earth and Microorganisms
Evaluate the conditions of early Earth that made the origin of life possible.
Classify microscopic organisms by size, structure, and function.
Week Four: Plant Diversity and Fungi
Analyze how plants evolved from green algae and adapted to life on land.
Classify seed plants, gymnosperms, and angiosperms by structure and function.
Classify fungi by structure and function.
Week Five: Animals and Invertebrates
Classify invertebrates by structure and function.
Classify animals by structure and function.
Week Six: Vertebrates
6.1 Classify vertebrates by structure and function.
6.2 Analyze mammalian structures and their functions.
Week Seven: Ecology
Evaluate the different ecological levels of biological hierarchy.
Compare Earth’s biomes.
Analyze how interactions between organisms and the environment limit the distribution of species.
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