Theory into practice: A cognitive bias example
To put KLEMP into practice, select a news story from your social media feed and evaluate it based on the five factors. Starting with Kairos, ask when the information was published. Was it last week or last year?
Next, examine Logos to determine if the data contains facts or statistics from reliable sources.
Then, evaluate the Ethos and Mythos to get a feel for the writer’s beliefs, agenda and level of expertise.
Finally, is the information driven by emotion (Pathos) or facts?
In Bias Is All Around You, Bean explains that information that demonstrates less bias could be timely, data-driven and unemotional. At the other end of the spectrum, highly biased information is driven mainly by emotion, is not timely and has no documented facts. Where does your social media news story fall on the spectrum?
To make his bias-fighting resources more accessible, Bean has created a website, BiasHandbook.com, where free tools, like a downloadable Bias Assessment Form, are available.
While taking the extra time for information inspection might deter some, Bean asserts it is a necessary practice. “As Tim Voss [of Michigan State University] said in my book’s foreword, inspecting information takes time. It’s like exercise, and, you know, I try to get my 10,000 steps in every day, but I don’t always love to do it.”
Like getting in our daily walk, taking a moment each morning to evaluate our diet of information (and weed out what’s not so good for us, especially in big quantities) is essential for our mental health.
Doctoral studies at University of Phoenix
The College of Doctoral Studies at University of Phoenix offers four doctorates in business, education and health administration.
Additionally, students, fellows and alumni create a robust community of research and insight through the following programs:
- Dissertation to Publication Workshop: This four-month, web-based workshop guides doctoral students in the process of creating a publishable manuscript out of a dissertation.
- Fellows in Residence: This volunteer program provides doctoral students valuable experience via opportunities to research, write and apply for grants.
- Research Hub: A dynamic repository of doctoral-level research in leadership and organization; educational technology; diversity and inclusion; and career insights.
- Alumni Mentorship Program: In the pilot program, 62 doctoral students were paired with doctoral graduates, sometimes in different industries, to improve their program experience, graduation rates and post-graduation career expectations.