Nurse managers and directors
Although an advanced master’s degree in nursing is often preferred for leadership positions in clinical practice, nurse managers or directors need at least a bachelor’s degree to be considered. Nurse managers are responsible for overseeing the entire nursing staff at their workplace. This includes setting work schedules, evaluating nurse performance, making budgeting decisions and coordinating meetings. Professionals looking to move into this position should prepare for less direct patient interaction in their day-to-day life.
Managers help create a healthy work environment for nurses and, by extension, improve patient care.
Advanced practice registered nurse
Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) are a part of a specific subsection of the nursing field. These professionals may have earned a master’s degree in nursing or higher, and train to work within a certain specialty or with a specific demographic.
APRNs can assess and diagnose patients, order tests and prescribe medications. These nurses have a great deal of autonomy in their practice, and other medical professionals respect their knowledge and expertise.
Certified nurse practitioner
A certified nurse practitioner (CNP) is a nursing professional who specializes in family medicine, in neonatal, pediatric or geriatric medicine, women’s health/sex-related health or mental health. The National Organization of Nurse Practitioners Faculties is moving to endorse all CNPs to be prepared with a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP).
CNPs can function in a variety of roles beyond diagnosing and treating diseases, including health education and disease prevention. CNPs can work with a great deal of autonomy as they provide treatment to their patients.
Certified registered nurse anesthetist
A certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) provides anesthesia services to patients. Unlike a CNP or a CNS, a CRNA does not specialize in a specific area of healthcare. Instead, CRNAs provide anesthesia-related care to all kinds of patients.
CRNAs commonly work in surgical suites at hospital, obstetrical delivery suites, plastic surgeons’ offices, dental offices and pain management specialists’ offices.