Autocratic leadership is the opposite of affiliative management. This style hinges upon control and power, with decision-making resting entirely in the hands of one person: the manager.
Generally, autocratic managers take charge of day-to-day operations and provide each team member with precise instructions. These bosses also might frequently check on the team's progress to ensure everything is on schedule.
The advantages of autocratic management are:
- Improved productivity: Autocratic leaders outline exactly what is expected of employees when delegating tasks. They hold team members accountable for meeting these goals on time. As a result, productivity may increase under this style.
- Effective crisis management: In times of crisis or emergency, autocratic managers are quick to take charge and make crucial decisions.
- Direct communication: Autocratic managers communicate directly with their employees, providing clear instructions. This eliminates any confusion and ensures everyone is on the same page.
The disadvantages of autocratic management include:
- Lack of employee input: Employees cannot share their thoughts or ideas, leading to frustration.
- Ineffective team building: Autocratic management often lacks team building, as employees are less likely to work together closely.
- Micromanagement: This management style may lead to micromanagement, which can be highly frustrating for employees.
While this style may not be suitable for all workplaces, it can be successful for managers who have the characteristics necessary to make it work. This type of boss should have a clear vision and a firm commitment to deadlines.