General Biology I
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General Biology I
Course level: Undergraduate
This course provides students with an in-depth knowledge of the principles and applications of biology. Topics include biochemistry, genetics, the structure and function of molecules and cells, metabolism, and energy transformation. Students apply these concepts using practical examples, facilitated discussions, and experiments conducted through completion of virtual labs. This course is the first half of the general biology sequence, which is completed in BIO/351: General Biology II.
What you'll learn
Course skills and outcomes
The Study of Life
- Summarize the various levels of biological organization.
- Examine the steps of the scientific method.
- Describe the chemical elements and compounds associated with living organisms.
Water, Carbon, and the Molecular Diversity of Life
- Explain the unique properties of water.
- Summarize how water molecules and pH dissociate.
- Examine the importance of carbon to life.
Macromolecules and a Tour of the Cell
- Differentiate the structure and function of macromolecules.
- Explain why cells are classified as the fundamental units of life.
- Describe the various intracellular and extracellular components that constitute a cell.
Membranes and Metabolism
- Describe the fluid mosaic model.
- Explain how cellular membranes control traffic into and out of cells.
- Summarize metabolism.
- Explain how energy is capable of catalyzing a chemical reaction.
- Distinguish the role of ATP in cellular work.
Cellular Respiration, Fermentation, and Photosynthesis
- Analyze the mechanisms by which energy is harvested by an organism through cellular respiration.
- Summarize the two stages of photosynthesis.
- Summarize the three stages of cellular respiration.
- Explain the anaerobic pathways of fermentation and glycolysis.
The Cell Cycle and Meiosis
- Examine the regulation of the cell cycle.
- Compare the different phases of mitosis and meiosis.
- Interpret the relationship between the loss of cell cycle control and the development of cancer in cells.
- Differentiate between asexual and sexual reproduction.
- Determine how Mendel’s research established the genetic laws of segregation and probability.
- Analyze non-Mendelian genetics and the patterns of inheritance.
- Predict how human traits can follow Mendelian and non-Mendelian patterns of inheritance.