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Juvenile Justice Systems and Processes




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Course level: Undergraduate

This course is a general introduction to the field of juvenile justice, including an overview of the juvenile justice system and the differences between dependency and delinquency. Students address current problems facing juveniles, and compare adult and juvenile justice systems. Special attention is given to the problems inherent in the police handling of juveniles, the function of juvenile courts, sentencing, and future juvenile justice system issues.


What you'll learn

Course skills and outcomes

Week 1

  • Describe the history and development of the juvenile court system.
  • Explain the basis and philosophy of the juvenile justice system.
  • Compare the roles of the juvenile and adult courts.
  • Assess the impact of national initiatives, case law, and legislation on state juvenile justice systems.

Week 2

  • Explain the role of law enforcement in community based programs.
  • Describe the impact of gangs on juvenile offenders.
  • Discuss community policing strategies in relation to juveniles.
  • Distinguish between educational, prevention, and community programs for juveniles.

Week 3

  • Describe the handling of offenders in the juvenile court process.
  • Explain the fitness issues and transfer of a minor to adult court.
  • Describe the roles and authority of the judge, prosecuting attorney, Court-Appointed Special Advocate, defense counsel, and probation officers.
  • Discuss the models of risk and needs assessment tools used for juvenile offenders.

Week 4

  • Compare correctional alternatives for juvenile treatment.
  • Discuss the types of institutions, programs, and services available to juveniles.
  • Identify the resources necessary to work with juveniles with special needs.
  • Explain the use of community intervention strategies.

Week 5

  • Evaluate the ramifications of the U.S. Supreme Court rulings on juvenile sentencing.
  • Describe emerging treatment strategies, specialty courts, victim's rights, and other juvenile-based programs.
  • Assess existing and new research in determining the future of the juvenile justice system.
  • Discuss potential issues regarding the reform of the juvenile justice system.


Why take courses at University of Phoenix

Accreditation that matters

We’ve been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission ( for more than 40 years.

Real-world instructors

Learn from instructors who bring an average of 25 years of working experience to the classroom.

Affordable and potentially reimbursable

Our tuition and fees are competitive and fixed. Also, check to see if your employer will cover you for this course.

Next Steps

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Call (844) 937-8679

Transfer Credits

Credit Transfer

Credit Transfer

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