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Mainstreaming and Inclusion




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Please Note: Attendance and participation are mandatory in all University courses, and specific requirements may differ by course. If attendance requirements are not met, a student may be removed from the course. Please review the Course Attendance Policy in the Catalog for more information.

University of Phoenix reserves the right to modify courses. While widely available, not all programs are available to residents of all states. Please check with a University Enrollment Representative.

Course level: Continuing Teacher Education

The focus of this course is mainstreaming and inclusion of students with special needs in regular classrooms. Participants explore the history and evolution of special education, including federal legislation and related standards. Identification and referral, lesson planning, modifications and accommodations, communication and collaboration, and assessment are also examined. This course is not available for enrollment to residents of Alabama, Arkansas, and Kentucky.



What you'll learn

Course skills and outcomes

History and Evolution

  • Analyze landmark cases relating to the evolution of special education.
  • Identify federal legislation protecting educational services for students with disabilities.
  • Explore how response to intervention (RTI) has impacted mainstreaming and inclusion of students with disabilities.
  • Compare various service delivery models.

Identification and Referral Processes; Communication and Collaboration with Colleagues and Families

  • Describe the general education pre-referral process as it relates to response to intervention (RTI).
  • Explore regular and special education teacher responsibilities in identification and referral.
  • Identify circumstances that may lead to due process and manifestation hearings with special needs students.
  • Identify the potential benefits and barriers of inclusion from the perspectives of family, general education teachers, and paraprofessionals.
  • Describe the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders implementing the special education continuum of services for students with varying abilities and disabilities.
  • Explore collaboration needs and models of regular education teachers, special education teachers, and paraprofessionals in mainstreamed and inclusion classrooms.

Assistive Technology, Modifications and Accommodations, and Differentiated Instruction in Lesson Planning

  • Examine various assistive technology strategies that allow students to access the general education curriculum.
  • Identify differences in state and special education standards that provide appropriate curriculum and instruction to special needs students.
  • Explore modifications and accommodations that can be made in the regular education classroom to promote student success.
  • Analyze how the various components of differentiated instruction can be applied in the classroom.
  • Integrate appropriate differentiated instruction strategies into lesson plans for students of varying abilities and disabilities.

Strategies for Effective Instruction and Assessment

  • Describe assistive technology strategies that provide students of varying abilities and disabilities access to evaluation methods.
  • Compare state standards to special education standards that provide appropriate assessments to students with varying abilities and disabilities.
  • List strategies for effective instruction and assessment.
  • Recommend various strategies for developing independent learners in mainstreamed classrooms.


Why take courses at University of Phoenix

Accreditation that matters

We’ve been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission ( for more than 40 years.

Real-world instructors

Learn from instructors who bring an average of 25 years of working experience to the classroom.

Affordable and potentially reimbursable

Our tuition and fees are competitive and fixed. Also, check to see if your employer will cover you for this course.

Next Steps

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Start a conversation about your future with an enrollment representative today.

Call (844) 937-8679

Transfer Credits

Credit Transfer

Credit Transfer

Need to transfer credits to another college or university?

Before you enroll in a course, check with your school of choice to make sure they will accept our transfer credits and to understand any requirements or limitations. Then you can complete your course, and request your official transcript be sent to your school. That’s it!

How to request your transcripts