Types of instructional methods
In the world of K–12 education, teachers can choose from several types of instructional methods. In fact, it’s rare to find a teacher who uses one instructional method exclusively. Many teachers have a preferred method but will incorporate other methods to accommodate all their students.
It’s important to understand that instruction is not a one-size-fits-all practice. Teaching with multiple methods helps students with different learning styles get the most out of their learning experiences.
The lecture-based instruction method is the traditional classroom model many people are familiar with. With this method, the teacher stands at the front of the classroom and delivers a lesson. A visual presentation or notes on a whiteboard, chalkboard or interactive board typically accompany the lecture.
The lecture method has been shown to have a positive impact on students’ immediate knowledge retention, and many teachers regularly give lectures. It cultivates listening skills in students while also encouraging the development of note-taking proficiency and the ability to ask questions to deepen understanding.
Hands-on learning involves students developing knowledge through practical experience. Instead of listening to a lecture on a chemical reaction, for example, a student might experiment under a teacher’s guidance. Or, instead of reading Hamlet and listening to a lecture, students may produce the play themselves in their classroom.
Hands-on learning strives to teach students in the moment and how to learn for the rest of their lives. Hands-on learning is a newer technique than the lecture-based approach, but many teachers have seen benefits when pairing the two approaches.
Link to “How Future Leaders Can Benefit From Understanding Different Learning Styles” once published.