There’s no universal credential for substitute teaching in the United States, which means each state varies in its certification requirements. Every state has requirements for substitute teacher certification, meaning what is required to obtain a permit can vary considerably.
For instance, some states only employ candidates with an official teaching license, while other states merely require passing a state course. Right now, the following states require certification in order to substitute teach:
For aspiring substitute teachers, some states demand that applicants have a bachelor’s degree, while others necessitate the completion of college credits.
The following states have such requirements:
In some states, having a degree and passing a background check are enough to apply to be a substitute teacher.
Check with your state’s Department of Education to determine which certification you need to be eligible for hire.
Of the requirements to be a substitute teacher, undergoing a background check is required in all states. You should expect a background check to verify your employment history, check references and document any criminal record. There may also be drug screening.
Substitute teachers often complete safety training before they’re allowed to teach in a classroom. By providing safety training to substitute teachers, schools can better ensure the ongoing protection of their students.
Becoming a substitute can serve as a steady and reliable path to a rewarding career in education. As of May 2021, substitute teachers earned an annual salary ranging from $22,270 to $50,560, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Pay can vary as a result of a number of factors including state, school, experience and industry.
The job outlook for substitute teachers depends on the employment of full-time educators. BLS projects that employment for high school teachers will grow 5% from 2021 to 2031 while employment for kindergarten, elementary school and middle school teachers is expected to grow 4%.
Salary ranges are not specific to students or graduates of University of Phoenix. Actual outcomes vary based on multiple factors, including prior work experience, geographic location and other factors specific to the individual. University of Phoenix does not guarantee employment, salary level or career advancement. BLS data is geographically based. Information for a specific state/city can be researched on the BLS website.
While becoming a substitute teacher for K-12 or higher education doesn’t require as much time commitment as becoming a full-time teacher, substitute teachers must still follow certain steps to be eligible for teaching positions.
Before applying for a position, it’s important to understand the requirements specific to your state or district. As mentioned, requirements vary from one area to the next, so be sure you know what’s expected of you for your application to be considered.
Common state licensure requirements include:
Your resumé should accurately and concisely reflect your education credentials, relevant experience and volunteer positions. For example, an education resumé might include details such as the following:
By highlighting your relevant education degrees and qualifications and having an effective resumé, you can help stand out from other applicants.
Most schools or states with substitute teacher positions require you to complete training after you have been hired. This could include attending orientation, taking substitute teaching classes or completing online substitute teacher courses. In addition, some school districts offer specialized certifications to help further your education career.