Epidemiology is an interesting field in medicine right now because of advancements in technology that contribute to research techniques. Historically, researchers have had to scour piles of health records and manually report data. Today, machine-learning tools look for patterns and highlight trends for research.
Vella adds: “Today, disease data is reported to all public health departments electronically. This provides epidemiologists with the ability to monitor for potential outbreaks in real time, utilizing geographic information systems (GIS). Early detection and a rapid response are instrumental to controlling infectious disease threats.”
Traditional research methods, however, still have a key role in epidemiology. They might run studies in which they track patient behavior or conduct interviews with members of the public. The human element is important in this field.
Those who practice epidemiology use a mixture of quantitative insight and qualitative analysis to develop the best possible methods to prevent illness and disease.