As a medical biller or coder, you will typically have the crucial responsibility of going through a patient’s medical file after an appointment and determining, based on the services provided to the patient (consultation, tests, treatments, etc.), which of those services to bill an insurance company and/or the patient and which universally accepted "codes" to use to notify those companies to explain what work was done and needs to be paid for.
Without a good medical coder, a hospital, doctor’s office or other medical institution may end up overbilling an insurance company or underbilling and not getting the medical provider properly reimbursed and thus lose money.
While medical coders may fall under a company’s "billing" department, they are not necessarily medical billers. That job is for the person who "processes the insurance claims and follows up on them," says FlexJobs. “They do not determine what codes are used in the insurance billing."
Nonetheless, a medical coder may also take on the responsibilities of a medical biller if that person is trained in both roles.
A medical coder might have any of the following job titles:
- Medical Billing Specialist
- Medical Billing Coder
- Coder, Billing Department
- Medical Records Clerk/Technician
- Health Information Technician
- Coding Specialist
A medical coder has pretty much the same work responsibilities "no matter where they work,” notes FlexJobs. "However, a medical coder can pursue certification in specific concentrations if they choose. While there are several medical coder certification organizations, there are some ‘standard’ certifications." Keep reading to learn more!
Medical billing and coding can be a rewarding field for people interested in healthcare. These two roles not only support healthcare providers, they also directly affect patient care and privacy.
Medical billing and coding also offers opportunity. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job growth for this field is expected to grow 8% between 2019 and 2029, which is much faster than average.
Like any good team, the terms "medical billing and coding" are rarely seen apart. But the fact is these two fields are not the same thing.
Medical coding is the first step. During this process, a skilled medical coder will take a diagnosis, treatment or prescription and turn it into the right numeric or alphanumeric code. Each code is subject to its own set of guidelines; even the order in which codes appear can impact treatment and billing.
Medical billing, meanwhile, picks up where coding leaves off. Medical billers create a claim based on the medical codes and then assess what is due from the patient after insurance pays its portion. In essence, they act as the point of contact for the insurance company, the patient and, in some cases, the collections agencies.
Who is hiring for medical billing and coding?
Those working in medical billing and coding can sometimes be referred to as simply "medical coders". There are many coding specializations, however, including certified professional coders and coding for outpatient care, inpatient care and risk adjustment.
There are several different career paths for those interested in medical billing and coding. Specialists can work for hospitals and clinical practices, health insurance companies and government agencies.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical records and health information specialists earned a median salary of $44,090 in 2020. (Salary information is not particular to University of Phoenix students or graduates and depends on experience, geographical location and a variety of other factors.)
According to the BLS, becoming a medical biller or coder requires a high school diploma and often certification. Some employers may require additional education, such as an associate degree, as well.
Typically, this process can take anywhere from a few months to (depending on how much time you take between courses), up to a year-and-a-half. As ZipRecruiter notes, this time period often depends on whether a person has decided to pursue certification versus a broader, more general bachelor’s or associate degree in the medical field.
The good news? Many certification courses are available online with flexible formats!
A big reason to get certified as a medical biller or coder is because you bring a proven skill set to potential employers.
Several types of medical coding certifications are available and obtainable with a few months of study (see below.) Indeed.com suggests that people interested in breaking into the medical coding field consider taking a certification exam after completing a specialized course in medical billing and coding and/or on-the-job experience.
"You may seek your particular certification through the AAPC, AHIMA or other professional organizations," Indeed.com points out. And, of course, you can also pursue a specialization like those noted earlier in outpatient coding, risk adjustment coding and inpatient coding.
Certifications are facilitated by professional organizations and include:
If you do pursue certification, make sure you review the requirements closely, as some require associate degrees, experience in medical billing or coding and/or a certificate (not a certification) of course completion from an accredited university.
One way to learn the foundations of becoming a medical biller or medical coder is to take a self-directed online course in the fundamentals, such as the professional development, non-credit one offered by University of Phoenix. (This is a professional development course separate from any program described above.) Professional Development courses are not part of any accredited program or course at UOPX.
The course, Steiness explains, "is meant for people to learn the basics related to medical coding. You will have access to the content for one year and will be able to study at your own pace. In total, it should take roughly 30 hours to complete."
By offering access for a full year, University of Phoenix enables participants to return to the curriculum if they need to review or refresh their knowledge on a particular subject.
Upon finishing the course with a score of 85% or higher, you will receive a certificate of completion that is not a formal credential but can be added to your digital resumé (like on a LinkedIn profile) so prospective employers can easily see it.
In the University of Phoenix’s professional-development Medical Billing & Coding Fundamentals course, participants learn about how the industry:
- Uses real-world medical and healthcare revenue terms
- Accurately identifies reimbursable services and treatments
- Assigns diagnosis and procedure codes based on clinical documentation
- Identifies payer policies and the party responsible for payment
- Prepares medical claim forms and processes electronic transactions
- Appeals medical claim denials
As in any other type of self-managed, online course, your work, participation and achievements are tracked throughout the Medical Billing & Coding Fundamentals course, so you’ll know when you're hitting the mark – and when you're not. Your progress will be determined by your ability to demonstrate a skill and apply it immediately; with successful assessment answers you then can move to the next learning module.
Still not sure whether the professional-development Medical Billing & Coding Fundamentals course is right for you? Then ask yourself if you fit into one of the following:
||You’re looking to…
||…or you’re looking to…
||…ensure the medical billing and coding processes within your practice are operating to full potential.
||…better understand the revenue stream for your practice or healthcare setting.
||…learn how coding is used in the industry, such as to bill insurance companies.
||…learn how payers are billed and providers are paid.
If so, this professional development fundamentals course may be right for you. For a course outline, as well as an overview on the fundamentals, you can click here. For more information regarding University of Phoenix Professional Development courses click here.Additional courses at University of PhoenixYou may also be interested in the following University of Phoenix single courses and programs:
- Medical Records Certificate: A 10-month program that prepares you to sit for the Certified Billing and Coding Specialist (CBCS) exam, a national certification offered through the National Healthcareer Association.
- HCIS/140 Fundamentals of Electronic Health Records: A college-credit course for undergraduate students that covers the fundamentals of electronic health records, not just medical billing and coding.